Kandahar (/ˈkændəˌhɑːr/) or Qandahar (Pashto: کندهار Kandahār; Dari: قندهار Qandahār, known in older literature as Candahar) is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 491,500 as of 2012[update]. Formerly called Alexandria Arachosia, the city is named after Alexander the Great, who founded it in 329 BC around an ancient Arachosian town. Kandahar is located in the south of the country at an altitude of 1,010 m above sea level. Kandahar is the capital of Kandahar Province, and also the center of the larger cultural region called Loy Kandahar. The Arghandab River runs along the west of the city. The city of Kandahar has a population of 557,118. It has 15 districts and a total land area of 27,337 hectares. The total number of dwellings in Kandahar is 61,902.